After the Texans captured Bejar (December, 1835), they established a garrison in the old mission named the Alamo. The soldiers there included such great American legends as Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie. This was considered an outpost to defend the southern flank of Texas. As the Mexican forces under Santa Anna moved north, their first major encounter with the Texans was at the Alamo. There was a siege of the mission by the Mexicans for nearly two weeks, and then on the morning of March 6, 1836, the Mexicans attacked in waves again and again, and finally swarmed over the battlements and engaged the surviving Texans in hand-to-hand combat. After the battle some 1600 Mexican soldiers lay dead and another 500 were wounded. The Texas garrison had been obliterated. One of the few survivors was a woman, Mrs. Susanna Dickinson, who was released to carry the message to Americans in Texas that Santa Anna was coming.
Santa Anna then considered the Texas army defeated, and he split his soldiers into separate groups to make a sweep of Texas and remove all Americans from Mexican territory. Another Texas garrison at the town of Goliad surrendered to the Mexican forces, and many of the Texans were then executed, even though they had surrendered honorably. Santa Anna marched to the northeast looking for the remaining force of Texas soldiers under General Sam Houston. Houston retreated until he saw a favorable area for a battle at the mouth of the San Jacinto River along Galveston Bay. Houston attacked during the midday siesta across an open field with more than 800 soldiers and calvary against a Mexican army of 1600. The Mexicans were caught by surprise, and many of them lost their lives as the Texans shouted "Remember the Alamo! Remember the Alamo!" Santa Anna was captured, and Houston forced him to sign a treaty granting Texas independence. The war for Texas was won.
Travis at the Alamo